CULTUREIFY

March 10 – When history was Made

1804 – Louisiana Purchase: In St. Louis, Missouri, a formal ceremony is conducted to transfer ownership of the Louisiana Territory from France to the United States.

1876 – Alexander Graham Bell makes the first successful telephone call by saying “Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you.”

1891 – Almon Strowger, an undertaker in Topeka, Kansas, patents the Strowger switch, a device which led to the automation of telephone circuit switching.

1933 – An earthquake in Long Beach, California kills 115 people and causes an estimated $40 million in damage.

1945 – The U.S. Army Air Force firebombs Tokyo, and the resulting conflagration kills more than 100,000 people, mostly civilians.

1947 – United Nations Security Council Resolution 20 relating to Atomic Energy Commission is adopted.

1968 – Vietnam War: Battle of Lima Site 85, concluding the 11th with largest single ground combat loss of United States Air Force members (12) during that war.

1969 – In Memphis, Tennessee, James Earl Ray pleads guilty to assassinating Martin Luther King, Jr. He later unsuccessfully attempts to retract his plea.

1977 – Rings of Uranus: Astronomers discover rings around Uranus.

Births

1745 – John Gunby, general (d. 1807)

1846 – Edward Baker Lincoln, son of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1850)

1867 – Lillian Wald, nurse, humanitarian, and author, founded the Henry Street Settlement (d. 1940)

1891 – Sam Jaffe, actor, and engineer (d. 1984)

1892 – Gregory La Cava, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1952)

1903 – Bix Beiderbecke, cornet player, pianist, and composer (d. 1931)

1903 – Clare Boothe Luce, playwright, journalist, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Italy (d. 1987)

1911 – Warner Anderson, actor (d. 1976)

1917 – Frank Perconte, soldier (d. 2013)

1919 – Marion Hutton, singer, and actress (d. 1987)

1923 – Val Logsdon Fitch, physicist, and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2015)

1925 – Bob Lanier, lawyer, banker, and politician, 58th Mayor of Houston (d. 2014)

1926 – Marques Haynes, basketball player (d. 2015)

1928 – James Earl Ray, assassin of Martin Luther King, Jr. (d. 1998)

1929 – Sam Steiger, journalist, and politician (d. 2012)

1933 – Ralph Emery, radio, and television host

1937 – Joe Viterelli, actor (d. 2004)

1938 – Norman Blake, singer-songwriter, and guitarist

1940 – Chuck Norris, actor, producer, and martial artist

1940 – David Rabe, playwright, and screenwriter

1940 – Dean Torrence, singer-songwriter (Jan & Dean)

1945 – Katharine Houghton, actress, and playwright

1946 – Jim Valvano, basketball player, and coach (d. 1993)

1947 – Bob Greene, journalist, and author

1947 – Tom Scholz, guitarist, and songwriter (Boston)

1948 – Austin Carr, basketball player, and sportscaster

1949 – Barbara Corcoran, businesswoman

1955 – Gary Louris, singer-songwriter, and guitarist (The Jayhawks and Golden Smog)

1956 – Larry Myricks, long jumper, and sprinter

1957 – Jim White, singer-songwriter, and guitarist

1958 – Steve Howe, baseball player, and farmer (d. 2006)

1958 – Sharon Stone, actress, and producer

1960 – Gail Greenwood, bass player (Belly and L7)

1961 – Laurel Clark, captain, physician, and astronaut (d. 2003)

1961 – Mitch Gaylord, gymnast, actor, and stuntman

1961 – Bobby Petrino, football player, and coach

1962 – Jasmine Guy, actress, singer, and director

1963 – Jeff Ament, bass player, and songwriter (Pearl Jam, Green River, and Mother Love Bone)

1963 – Rick Rubin, record producer, founded Def Jam Recordings

1965 – Rod Woodson, football player, coach, and sportscaster

1966 – Edie Brickell, singer-songwriter, and guitarist (The Heavy Circles and Edie Brickell & New Bohemians)

1966 – Mike Timlin, baseball player

1969 – Paget Brewster, actress

1969 – Walter Schreifels, singer-songwriter, and producer (Gorilla Biscuits, Rival Schools and Youth of Today)

1970 – Matt Barlow, singer-songwriter (Iced Earth and Pyramaze)

1971 – Jon Hamm, actor, and director

1971 – Daryle Singletary, singer-songwriter, and guitarist

1972 – Matt Kenseth, race car driver

1972 – Timbaland, rapper, and producer (Timbaland & Magoo)

1973 – John LeCompt, guitarist (Evanescence, We Are the Fallen and Machina

1974 – Biz Stone, business-man, co-founded Twitter

1977 – Shannon Miller, gymnast, and lawyer

1977 – Robin Thicke, singer-songwriter, producer, and actor

1978 – Benjamin Burnley, singer-songwriter, and guitarist (Breaking Benjamin)

1979 – Danny Pudi, actor, singer, producer, and screenwriter

1982 – Kwame Brown, basketball player

1982 – Keke Wyatt, singer-songwriter, and actress

1983 – Lashinda Demus, hurdler

1983 – Janet Mock, journalist, author, and activist

1983 – Carrie Underwood, singer-songwriter, and actress

1984 – Olivia Wilde, actress, and producer

1985 – Casey Dienel, singer-songwriter, and pianist

1985 – Morgan Uceny, runner

1987 – Martellus Bennett, football player

1992 – Emily Osment, actress, and singer

1994 – JoJo Offerman, wrestler, and singer

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