Pictured above: New York Stock Exchange. View III/Gottscho-Schleisner, Inc., photographer/Created/Published/1939 Apr. 19/REPRODUCTION NUMBER/LC-G623-T01-34928 DLC/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Gottscho-Schleisner Collection
July 8 – When History was Made
1663 – Charles II of England granted John Clarke a Royal charter to Rhode Island.
1775 – The Olive Branch Petition was signed by the Continental Congress of the Thirteen Colonies of North America.
1776 – Cornel John Nixon gave the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence to a crowd gathered at Independence Square in Philadelphia.
1776 – Church bells was rung after John Nixon delivered the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence of the United States.
1876 – White supremacists kill five Black Republicans in Hamburg, South Carolina.
1879 – Sailing ship USS Jeannette departs San Francisco carrying an ill-fated expedition to the North Pole.
1889 – The first issue of The Wall Street Journal was published.
1891 – Warren G. Harding married Florence K. DeWolfe in Marion, Ohio.
1898 – The death of crime boss Soapy Smith, was killed in the Shootout on Juneau Wharf, released Skagway, Alaska from his iron grip.
1907 – Florenz Ziegfeld staged his first “Follies,” on the roof of the New York Theater in New York City.
1919 – President Woodrow Wilson received a tumultuous welcome in New York City after his return from the Versailles Peace Conference in France.
1932 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average reached its lowest level of the Great Depression, closed at 41.22.
1947 – Reports was broadcasted that a UFO crash in Roswell, New Mexico in what became known as the Roswell UFO incident.
1948 – The United States Air Force accepted its first female recruits into a program called Women in the Air Force (WAF).
1950 – General Douglas MacArthur was named commander-in-chief of United Nations force in Korea
1968 – The Chrysler wildcat strike began in Detroit, Michigan.
1970 – Richard Nixon delivered a special congressional message enunciating Native American self-determination as official United States Indian policy, lead to the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act of 1975.
2004 – Enron founder and former chairman Kenneth Lay pleaded innocent to charges related to the energy company’s collapse.
2010 – During an ESPN prime-time special, basketball free agent LeBron James announced he was leaving the Cleveland Cavaliers to join the Miami Heat.
2011 – Space Shuttle Atlantis was launched in the final mission of the United States Space Shuttle program.
1805 – Samuel Gross, surgeon, teacher, and author
1830 – Frederick W. Seward, lawyer, and politician, 6th United States Assistant Secretary of State (d. 1915)
1831 – John Pemberton, chemist, and pharmacist, invented Coca-Cola (d. 1888)
1838 – Eli Lilly, soldier, chemist, and businessman, founded Eli Lilly and Company (d. 1898)
1839 – John D. Rockefeller, businessman, and philanthropist, founded the Standard Oil Company (d. 1937)
1890 – Stanton Macdonald-Wright, painter (d. 1973)
1893 – R. Carlyle Buley, historian, and author (d. 1968)
1898 – Melville Ruick, actor (d. 1972)
1899 – David Lilienthal, businessman, and government official
1900 – George Antheil, pianist, composer, and author (d. 1959)
1906 – Philip Johnson, architect, designed the IDS Center and PPG Place (d. 2005)
1907 – George W. Romney, businessman, and politician, 43rd Governor of Michigan (d. 1995)
1908 – Louis Jordan, singer-songwriter, saxophonist, and actor (Tympany Five) (d. 1975)
1908 – Nelson Rockefeller, businessman, and politician, 41st Vice President of the United States (d. 1979)
1914 – Billy Eckstine, singer, and trumpet player (d. 1993)
1917 – Faye Emerson, actress (d. 1983)
1917 – J. F. Powers, novelist, and short story writer (d. 1999)
1918 – Paul B. Fay, businessman, soldier, and diplomat, 12th United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 2009)
1918 – Irwin Hasen, illustrator (d. 2015)
1918 – Craig Stevens, actor, and singer (d. 2000)
1923 – Harrison Dillard, sprinter, and hurdler
1924 – Johnnie Johnson, pianist, and songwriter (d. 2005)
1926 – John Dingell, lieutenant, and politician
1930 – Jerry Vale, singer (d. 2014)
1935 – John David Crow, football player, and coach (d. 2015)
1935 – Steve Lawrence, actor, and singer (Steve and Eydie)
1940 – Joe B. Mauldin, bass player, and songwriter (The Crickets) (d. 2015)
1942 – Phil Gramm, economist, and politician
1944 – Jai Johanny Johanson, drummer (Sea Level and The Allman Brothers Band)
1944 – Jeffrey Tambor, actor, and singer
1947 – Kim Darby, actress
1951 – Alan Ashby, baseball player, manager, and sportscaster
1951 – Anjelica Huston, actress, and director
1952 – Larry Garner, singer-songwriter, and guitarist
1952 – Jack Lambert, football player, and sportscaster
1952 – Marianne Williamson, author, and activist
1958 – Kevin Bacon, actor, and singer (The Bacon Brothers)
1959 – Billy Kimball, screenwriter and producer
1961 – Toby Keith, singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
1962 – Joan Osborne, singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Dead and Trigger Hippy)
1963 – Mark Christopher, director and screenwriter
1965 – Dan Levinson, clarinet player, saxophonist, and bandleader
1966 – Mike Nawrocki, voice actor, animator, producer, and screenwriter, co-founded Big Idea Entertainment
1968 – Billy Crudup, actor
1968 – Michael Weatherly, actor
1969 – George Fisher, singer-songwriter (Cannibal Corpse, Monstrosity, and Paths of Possession)
1970 – Beck, singer-songwriter, and producer
1970 – Todd Martin, tennis player, and coach
1976 – David Kennedy, guitarist, and songwriter (Angels & Airwaves, Box Car Racer, Hazen Street, and Over My Dead Body)
1977 – Milo Ventimiglia, actor, director, and producer
1978 – Rachael Lillis, voice actress
1979 – Mat McBriar, football player
1982 – Sophia Bush, actress, and director
1982 – Pendleton Ward, animator, producer, screenwriter, and voice actor
1982 – Hakim Warrick, basketball player
1982 – Joshua Alba, actor
1983 – John Bowker, baseball player
1992 – Sky Ferreira, singer-songwriter, and actres