stock-exchange

Pictured above: New York Stock Exchange. View III/Gottscho-Schleisner, Inc., photographer/Created/Published/1939 Apr. 19/REPRODUCTION NUMBER/LC-G623-T01-34928 DLC/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Gottscho-Schleisner Collection

July 8 – When History was Made

CULTUREIFY

1663 – Charles II of England granted John Clarke a Royal charter to Rhode Island.

1775 – The Olive Branch Petition was signed by the Continental Congress of the Thirteen Colonies of North America.

1776 – Cornel John Nixon gave the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence to a crowd gathered at Independence Square in Philadelphia.

1776 – Church bells was rung after John Nixon delivered the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence of the United States.

1876 – White supremacists kill five Black Republicans in Hamburg, South Carolina.

1879 – Sailing ship USS Jeannette departs San Francisco carrying an ill-fated expedition to the North Pole.

1889 – The first issue of The Wall Street Journal was published.

1891 – Warren G. Harding married Florence K. DeWolfe in Marion, Ohio.

1898 – The death of crime boss Soapy Smith, was killed in the Shootout on Juneau Wharf, released Skagway, Alaska from his iron grip.

1907 – Florenz Ziegfeld staged his first “Follies,” on the roof of the New York Theater in New York City.

1919 – President Woodrow Wilson received a tumultuous welcome in New York City after his return from the Versailles Peace Conference in France.

1932 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average reached its lowest level of the Great Depression, closed at 41.22.

1947 – Reports was broadcasted that a UFO crash in Roswell, New Mexico in what became known as the Roswell UFO incident.

1948 – The United States Air Force accepted its first female recruits into a program called Women in the Air Force (WAF).

1950 – General Douglas MacArthur was named commander-in-chief of United Nations force in Korea

1968 – The Chrysler wildcat strike began in Detroit, Michigan.

1970 – Richard Nixon delivered a special congressional message enunciating Native American self-determination as official United States Indian policy, lead to the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act of 1975.

2004 – Enron founder and former chairman Kenneth Lay pleaded innocent to charges related to the energy company’s collapse.

2010 – During an ESPN prime-time special, basketball free agent LeBron James announced he was leaving the Cleveland Cavaliers to join the Miami Heat.

2011 – Space Shuttle Atlantis was launched in the final mission of the United States Space Shuttle program.

Births

1805 – Samuel Gross, surgeon, teacher, and author

1830 – Frederick W. Seward, lawyer, and politician, 6th United States Assistant Secretary of State (d. 1915)

1831 – John Pemberton, chemist, and pharmacist, invented Coca-Cola (d. 1888)

1838 – Eli Lilly, soldier, chemist, and businessman, founded Eli Lilly and Company (d. 1898)

1839 – John D. Rockefeller, businessman, and philanthropist, founded the Standard Oil Company (d. 1937)

1890 – Stanton Macdonald-Wright, painter (d. 1973)

1893 – R. Carlyle Buley, historian, and author (d. 1968)

1898 – Melville Ruick, actor (d. 1972)

1899 – David Lilienthal, businessman, and government official

1900 – George Antheil, pianist, composer, and author (d. 1959)

1906 – Philip Johnson, architect, designed the IDS Center and PPG Place (d. 2005)

1907 – George W. Romney, businessman, and politician, 43rd Governor of Michigan (d. 1995)

1908 – Louis Jordan, singer-songwriter, saxophonist, and actor (Tympany Five) (d. 1975)

1908 – Nelson Rockefeller, businessman, and politician, 41st Vice President of the United States (d. 1979)

1914 – Billy Eckstine, singer, and trumpet player (d. 1993)

1917 – Faye Emerson, actress (d. 1983)

1917 – J. F. Powers, novelist, and short story writer (d. 1999)

1918 – Paul B. Fay, businessman, soldier, and diplomat, 12th United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 2009)

1918 – Irwin Hasen, illustrator (d. 2015)

1918 – Craig Stevens, actor, and singer (d. 2000)

1923 – Harrison Dillard, sprinter, and hurdler

1924 – Johnnie Johnson, pianist, and songwriter (d. 2005)

1926 – John Dingell, lieutenant, and politician

1930 – Jerry Vale, singer (d. 2014)

1935 – John David Crow, football player, and coach (d. 2015)

1935 – Steve Lawrence, actor, and singer (Steve and Eydie)

1940 – Joe B. Mauldin, bass player, and songwriter (The Crickets) (d. 2015)

1942 – Phil Gramm, economist, and politician

1944 – Jai Johanny Johanson, drummer (Sea Level and The Allman Brothers Band)

1944 – Jeffrey Tambor, actor, and singer

1947 – Kim Darby, actress

1951 – Alan Ashby, baseball player, manager, and sportscaster

1951 – Anjelica Huston, actress, and director

1952 – Larry Garner, singer-songwriter, and guitarist

1952 – Jack Lambert, football player, and sportscaster

1952 – Marianne Williamson, author, and activist

1958 – Kevin Bacon, actor, and singer (The Bacon Brothers)

1959 – Billy Kimball, screenwriter and producer

1961 – Toby Keith, singer-songwriter, producer, and actor

1962 – Joan Osborne, singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Dead and Trigger Hippy)

1963 – Mark Christopher, director and screenwriter

1965 – Dan Levinson, clarinet player, saxophonist, and bandleader

1966 – Mike Nawrocki, voice actor, animator, producer, and screenwriter, co-founded Big Idea Entertainment

1968 – Billy Crudup, actor

1968 – Michael Weatherly, actor

1969 – George Fisher, singer-songwriter (Cannibal Corpse, Monstrosity, and Paths of Possession)

1970 – Beck, singer-songwriter, and producer

1970 – Todd Martin, tennis player, and coach

1976 – David Kennedy, guitarist, and songwriter (Angels & Airwaves, Box Car Racer, Hazen Street, and Over My Dead Body)

1977 – Milo Ventimiglia, actor, director, and producer

1978 – Rachael Lillis, voice actress

1979 – Mat McBriar, football player

1982 – Sophia Bush, actress, and director

1982 – Pendleton Ward, animator, producer, screenwriter, and voice actor

1982 – Hakim Warrick, basketball player

1982 – Joshua Alba, actor

1983 – John Bowker, baseball player

1992 – Sky Ferreira, singer-songwriter, and actres

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